TEACHING TIPS - Teacher's Zone

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play and games for childrenChildren learn a foreign language through play and  games. Active learning presuposses a lot of advantages, however teachers  can meet some problems. What take into consideration to make sure your  students get all the profits?

cognitive development of children in kinergarden
According to Piaget’s theory of cognitive development  children aged 3-6 years old are in preoperational stage of their  lifespan. During this period logical thinking and solving problem skills  begin to form. Preschoolers are egocentric – their abilities to see  someone else’s point of view are limited.

Tips for teaching young learners a second language

To  teach young learners a second language in an effective way you should  take into consideration their developmental characteristics and how children assimilate a foreign language.

TPR Method

TPR is a language teaching method created by James Asher in 60’s that use physical movement to react to verbal teacher’s commands. It is one of the variety ways of teaching young learners, because children naturally delight in movement. TPR method requires instant reactions to the language without thinking too much, what reduce students’ stress and a language barrier.

Teaching materials

Teaching resources support teachers and make their lessons more attractive. Good  teaching materials and a head full of ideas is the way to create a  successful lesson for young learners. Here are presented the most common  resources that are used in a process of teaching English as a foreign  language.

Using storybooks
Children love listening to stories. It is a natural way for them to assimilate a language. For this reason, teachers use storytelling as a perfect introduction to the foreign language in a familiar context.

5 steps to be successful english teacher in a kindergarten
Unique needs and development potential of preschool-age children demand creative attitude towards organisation of learning environment. That is why well-qualified teachers are needed who are able to understand differences in teaching children and adults.

How children assimilate a foreign language
It is believed that children can start learning a foreign language as early as possible even if they cannot speak their mother tongue. It is crucial to organise optimal conditions to learn the language naturally in the same way as the first language.

Pronunciation practise

To avoid misunderstanding the learners have to differentiate between English sounds. That is why activities to practice sound pronunciation, word stress and intonation are crucial for the learning process.

Theory of Howard Gardner
A teacher, who would like to organize a great lesson involving all students, has to take into consideration that everyone learns in different way. Howard Gardner lists eight types of intelligence which have direct influence on people's learning style. According to Gardner all individuals possess all eight intelligences in varying amounts.

Grammar structures
Before presenting new grammar material, a teacher should decide which structure or its part will be taught. It is also important to know which usage is necessary for the learners. Besides, it should be introduced with the use of well-known vocabulary, because the grammar rule must be the only difficulty.

Vocabulary practise
Presentation new lexical items should be supported by additional techniques to practice and memorise new material, such as: drawings, forming shapes, associations, imitation.

Teaching tips, methodology of teaching

New vocabulary should be presented in a well-known context - a new word has to be the only difficulty. A teacher can also show a picture, a gesture or an object that help students to understand the meaning of a new item.

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