To avoid misunderstanding the learners have to differentiate between English sounds. That is why activities to practice sound pronunciation, word stress and intonation are crucial for the learning process.
A teacher, who would like to organize a great lesson involving all students, has to take into consideration that everyone learns in different way. Howard Gardner lists eight types of intelligence which have direct influence on people's learning style.
Before presenting new grammar material, a teacher should decide which structure or its part will be taught. It should be introduced with the use of well-known vocabulary, because the grammar rule should be the only difficulty.
New vocabulary should be presented in a well-known context. A new word has to be the only difficulty. The teacher can also show a picture, a gesture or an object that help students to understand the meaning of a new item.
Two of the general dyslexia symptoms in primary school are poor memory and short attention span. As a teacher you have to take into consideration some difficulties connected with these weak points of your students.
Dyslexic learners can have difficulties with mastering written language. For some of them oral language can be also too complicated. The more differences between written and spoken words, the more difficulty with learning them.
About 10% of students have specific learning disabilities that should be taken into considaration during organisation of teaching process. They are not all the same, they have to cope with different difficulties - with reading (dyslexia), handwriting (dysgraphia), spelling (dysortographia), counting (dyscalculia), music (dysmusia) or mixed disorder of scholastic skills.